Footings – the base, also called
the foundation that supports the deck. The footings are usually made of
concrete and extend some into the ground below the frost line.
Post - Vertical lumber that
rests on the footing and supports the deck and girder.
Post base - Metal brackets in L
or U shape to secure fasteners at the bottom of the post to the footings.
Girder - A lateral support
beam the floor joist rests on. The girder spans the support post which
rests on the footings.
Joist - The lumber that makes
up the framework or also called substructure of the floor decking. The
joist have different sizes but most common is 40x50 or 45 x75mm and rests
on the girder. The girder most common size is 2” x 6” wide. The deck boards
are attached to the joist and the joists on the girder.
Ledger Board - The board which is
attached to the house and to which the joists ends connect to. Usually it
supports a side of the deck.
Arbors - A structure in the
air that can be used for hanging plants or vines.
Flashing - A material (usually
metal or aluminum) that is attached to the house and attached behind the
ledger board. Flashing aims to prevent water from entering the house.
Bridging – these are blockings
which are used between joists as added support to prevent the joist from
moving, twisting and shifting.
Fascia - A board which is
attached to the front and sides of the deck. A fascia covers the rim joist
and sometimes the ends of the deck boards.
Riser - The vertical rise
that 's vertically between steps (horizontally) of a staircase.
Tread - The board of a step
of a stairs that is stepped on.
Stringer - The support frame of
stairs where the risers and treads attached to. The stringer is aside of
the treads and the risers.
Trellis - An overhead wood
structure which is constructed for decoration as well as a sun and wind
screen. The trellis has by no means a supportive function.
Decking - The outdoor flooring
is also called a deck. The deck boards are attached directly to the joists
(which in return are connected to the girders).
Hangers - Metal brackets are
used attach the joist ends to the ledger board.
Lattice - An open wood
structure of cross strips that functions as a screen.
Skirt - The section that is
below the deck and covers the open space (if any) underneath the decking.
Spindles – also called balusters
and are the vertical part of a railing between the posts.
Rails - Rails are the top and
bottom horizontal parts to which
the spindles are attached to.
Post tops - A top which can be
decorative and be added to a railing post.
Railing post - Vertical elements to
which the railings are attached to .
Awning - A cover to provide shade
and protection from the rain.